Integrated Publishing Toolkit(IPT)

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Dynamics of a coral reef community, Taiwan (2003 -2014)

Latest version published by CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere on Apr 1, 2019 CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere

Recurrent disturbances can have a critical effect on the structure and function of coral reef communities. In this study, long-term changes were examined in the hard coral community at Wanlitung, in southern Taiwan, between 1985 and 2010. In this 26 year interval, the reef has experienced repeated disturbances that include six typhoons and two coral-bleaching events. The frequency of disturbance has meant that species susceptible to disturbance, such as those in the genus Acropora and Montipora have almost disappeared from the reef. Indeed, almost all hard coral species have declined in abundance, with the result that total hard coral cover in 2010 (17.7%) was less than half what it was in 1985 (47.5%). In addition, macro-algal cover has increased from 11.3% in 2003 to 28.5% in 2010. The frequency of disturbance combined with possible chronic influence of a growing human population mean that a diverse reef assemblage is unlikely to persist on this reef into the future

Data sourced from BIOTIME. Dornelas M, Antão LH, Moyes F, Bates, AE, Magurran, AE, et al. BioTIME: A database of biodiversity time series for the Anthropocene. Global Ecol Biogeogr. 2018; 27:760 - 786.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 2,224 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 2,224 records in English (39 KB) - Update frequency: not planned
Metadata as an EML file download in English (6 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (6 KB)


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Kuo, C.-Y., Yuen, Y.S., Meng, P.-J., Ho, P.-H., Wang, J.-T., Liu, P.-J., Chang, Y.-C., Dai, C.-F., Fan, T.-Y., Lin, H.-J., Baird, A. H. & Chen, C. A. (2012) Recurrent Disturbances and the Degradation of Hard Coral Communities in Taiwan. PLoS ONE, 7, e44364.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has not been registered with GBIF


Occurrence; Observation


Who created the resource:

Andrew Baird
Principal Investigator
James Cook University Townsville Queensland AU

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Andrew Baird
Principal Investigator
James Cook University Townsville Queensland AU

Who filled in the metadata:

Andrew Baird
Principal Investigator
James Cook University Townsville Queensland AU

Who else was associated with the resource:

Dave Watts

Geographic Coverage

Wanlitung Reef (21°59.701’N, 120°42.216’E) is part of a fringing reef system along the west coast of the Hengchun Peninsula, southern Taiwan.

Bounding Coordinates South West [21.904, 120.699], North East [21.997, 120.868]

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2003-05-01 / 2014-04-02

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers